Even if Nicaragua has recorded a stronger growth rate than the Latin American and Caribbean average, its high poverty and extreme poverty index still makes it one of the least developed countries in Latin America. The Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, in particular, is gravely affected by geographic and socio-economic influences, as the communities scattered throughout the region have limited access to utility services and are extremely vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Moreover, the relationship between the government and parts of society and the media are under great strain, as the latter have a taken critical stance toward the growth model proposed for the country (e.g. the Great Interoceanic Canal).
The history of HORIZONT3000’s cooperation in Nicaragua dates back to the Nicaraguan Revolution in the 1960s. Today, HORIZONT3000 concentrates its work in three geographical regions of Nicaragua: the Caribbean coast, the Dry Corridor and the Managua metropolitan area.
In Nicaragua, HORIZONT3000 supports its partner organisations in three sectors:
• Rural Development – Natural Resource Management: focuses on food security and agro-ecological production as well as on adapting to climate change.
• Human Rights – Civil Society: focuses on promoting and defending women’s rights (economic, civil, sexual, and reproductive rights) as well as on furthering and protecting the cultural, social, and socio-economic rights of the indigenous population (including land and environmental rights).
• Education: focuses on improving adult vocational training and the overall education system, with special emphasis on the youth, to improve the civil society’s quality of life.
Areas of intervention and beneficiaries
The primary goal of the interventions in the Central American region is to contribute to more fair and humane living conditions and to increase the self-determination of the Central American people, irrespectively of their ethnic background and gender. Accordingly, the beneficiaries of our partner organisations in Nicaragua include farming families, ethnic minorities in marginalised areas, women, children, and youth. Together with the financing projects, the technical assistance programme helps partner organisations improve their efficiency and increase the impact of their work. The technical assistance programme in Nicaragua mainly focuses on higher education, women’s rights, agroecology, and climate change.
In addition to financial support and technical assistance, HORIZONT3000 also promotes learning and exchange processes within the partner organisations’ network using the KNOWHOW3000 knowledge management programme. On a Central American level, these processes are improved through the collaboration of the partner organisations with groups of farming families, women, and the youth.